Back to Anal fissure. Like other small cuts or tears to the skin, an anal fissure will often heal by itself within a few weeks. Most anal fissures will heal with treatment, although they can happen again easily, particularly if you don't follow the self-help advice outlined below. There are a number of different medicines your GP may recommend to help reduce your symptoms and allow your anal fissure to heal. Adults with an anal fissure will usually be prescribed bulk-forming laxative tablets or granules. These work by helping your poo retain fluid, making it softer and less likely to dry out.
Anal Fissures Management and Treatment | Cleveland Clinic
Learn about our expanded patient care options for your health care needs. Fissures result from the stretching of your anal mucosa beyond its normal capacity. This often happens when stools are hard due to constipation. Once the tear happens, it leads to repeated injury. The exposed internal sphincter muscle beneath the tear goes into spasm.
Anal Fissures: Management and Treatment
An anal fissure is a small cut or tear in the lining of the anus. The crack in the skin causes severe pain and some bright red bleeding during and after bowel movements. At times, the fissure can be deep enough to expose the muscle tissue underneath. In most cases, the tear heals on its own within four to six weeks. Certain treatments can promote healing and help relieve discomfort, including stool softeners and topical pain relievers.
The goal of anal fissure treatment is to lower the pressure on the anal canal by making stools soft, and to ease discomfort and bleeding. Conservative treatments are tried first and include one or more of the following:. These practices heal most fissures 80 to 90 percent within several weeks to several months. However, when treatments fail and anal fissures persist or come back, other measures can be tried, including:.